Recent years have seen a surge in the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) in healthcare applications. One such application is in the field of medical imaging, which has seen significant advances in recent years. In particular, the use of automated feature extraction and machine-learning techniques has allowed for the development of advanced methods for medical image analysis. One such method is Automatic Feature Metric Extraction or AFMET, which is a machine-learning-based approach for automatically extracting features from medical images.
In AFMET, a set of training images are used to train a convolutional neural network (CNN) to recognize various features in the images. The trained CNN is then used to extract features from new images. This approach has been found to be effective for a variety of medical image types, including radiology, pathology, and histology images.
The advantages of using AFMET for medical image analysis include increased accuracy, faster processing times, and the ability to incorporate a variety of data sources. In addition, the use of AFMET can reduce the amount of manual labor required in medical image analysis. For example, it can be used to automate feature selection and extraction, thereby reducing the time and effort spent on manual annotation.
The use of AFMET for medical image analysis has been demonstrated in a variety of studies. For example, in a study by Pacheco et al., (2020), AFMET was used to analyze the features of histopathology images. The results of the study showed that AFMET was able to accurately identify and classify the different types of cells present in the images.
In addition, AFMET has been used to analyze radiology images. In a study by Wang et al. (2020), AFMET was used to analyze chest X-ray images for the detection of pneumothorax, and the results showed that AFMET was able to provide accurate results.
The use of AFMET for medical image analysis is an area of active research, and its potential applications are still being explored. It is likely to become increasingly important as medical imaging technology advances and more sophisticated AI and ML techniques are developed.
Pacheco, E., Fernandez, P. C., & Caballero, J. M. (2020). Automated feature extraction for histopathology image classification using convolutional neural networks. Computers in Biology and Medicine, 117, 103636. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2020.103636
Wang, X., Zhu, Y., Li, Y., & Chen, Y. (2020). Automated feature extraction and classification of chest x-ray images using convolutional neural networks. Computers in Biology and Medicine, 118, 103712. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2020.103712