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OPTIMAL ADJUSTMENT

Optimal Adjustment: Definition, History, and Further Reading Definition Optimal adjustment is a technique used to improve the performance of a system by optimizing parameters or variables, such as the control settings of a machine or the configuration of a system. The goal of optimal adjustment is to maximize system performance by adjusting the system’s parameters …

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OPTIC APRAXIA

Optic Apraxia: Definition, History, and Further Readings Abstract Optic apraxia is a disorder of the central nervous system that affects the ability to visually interpret and identify objects. It is characterized by difficulty in retrieving the visual image of an object from memory, even though the patient is still able to recognize the object upon …

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OPIOIDS

Opioids: Definition, History, and Further Reading The term opioids refers to a broad class of drugs that interact with opioid receptors in the brain and body to produce a variety of effects. These drugs are typically used to reduce pain, but they can also produce euphoria, drowsiness, and other opioid-induced effects. Opioids have been used …

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OPINION GIVER

Opinion Givers: A Historical and Contemporary Perspective Abstract Opinion givers are individuals who provide advice, guidance, or opinion on any matter. Historically, opinion givers have been used to influence the thoughts of others in a wide variety of contexts, from political debates to social dialogues. This article provides an overview of the historical development of …

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OPERATIONAL SEX RATIO

The term “operational sex ratio” (OSR) is used to describe the ratio of available males to available females in a given population. This ratio is important in understanding the reproductive behavior of a species and has implications for the evolution of sexual dimorphism in animals. The concept of OSR was first proposed by Charles Darwin …

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OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCE

Openness to Experience: Definition, History, and Further Reading Openness to experience is a personality trait that describes an individual’s curiosity, receptivity to new ideas, and ability to think abstractly. It is one of the five basic dimensions of personality, and has been studied extensively by psychologists since the advent of the Five-Factor Model in the …

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OPEN SKILLS

Open Skills: Definition, History and Further Reading Open skills are a type of knowledge or abilities acquired through training, education, and experience that can be applied in different contexts. These skills involve being able to quickly and accurately assess and analyze new situations, think critically, and then execute a plan. They can be applied in …

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ONE-WAY ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE

One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is a statistical test that is used to compare two or more means from different groups. It is a parametric test that measures the difference between the means of two or more groups, in order to determine if the difference is statistically significant. The assumption for ANOVA is that the …

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