Mood is a psychological state that affects an individual’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Elevated mood, or mania, is a mental disorder characterized by strong feelings of euphoria, grandiosity, hyperactivity, and increased energy. Mania is a serious condition that can cause significant impairment in an individual’s functioning and is often accompanied by psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations.

The exact cause of mania is not known, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic, biological, and environmental factors. Genetic factors have been found to increase the risk of mania, particularly when a family member has a history of mood disorders. Biological factors such as biochemical imbalances, hormone imbalances, and neurotransmitter abnormalities have also been linked to mania. Environmental factors such as stress, trauma, and substance abuse can also contribute to the development of mania.

The diagnosis of mania is based on a review of the individual’s history and symptoms. Symptoms may include elevated mood, increased energy and activity levels, decreased need for sleep, racing thoughts, grandiose thoughts and behaviors, and increased risk-taking behaviors. Mania is typically treated with a combination of medications such as mood stabilizers and antipsychotics, as well as psychotherapy and lifestyle changes.

Elevated mood can be a serious mental health condition that can have a significant impact on an individual’s life. It is important to seek help if you or someone you know is exhibiting signs of mania, as early treatment can lead to better outcomes.


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Weissman, M. M., & Klerman, G. L. (1977). The epidemiology of depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 34(10), 1021–1030.

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