Endarterectomy is a surgical procedure used to remove plaque buildup from the walls of arteries. It is most commonly used to treat arterial disease, such as carotid artery stenosis, which is a narrowing of the arteries in the neck that can lead to stroke. Endarterectomy is also used to treat peripheral artery disease in the legs and abdominal aortic aneurysm. This procedure can improve blood flow, reduce the risk of stroke, and improve the quality of life for those with arterial disease.

Arterial disease occurs when plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries, narrowing them and reducing blood flow. The most common cause of arterial disease is atherosclerosis, which is a buildup of fatty deposits that form plaques within the arteries. Plaque buildup can also be caused by high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, or smoking. Endarterectomy is used to remove the plaque and restore normal blood flow.

The procedure involves making an incision in the artery and then using a small balloon or catheter to remove the plaque. The plaque can then be either removed directly or sent for laboratory testing. Once the plaque is removed, the artery is repaired with a synthetic or biological graft.

Endarterectomy is a safe and effective procedure with a low risk of complications or death. In most cases, patients can return to their daily activities within a few days after the surgery. However, it is important to follow post-surgery instructions from your doctor, such as taking medications as prescribed and avoiding activities that may cause injury.

Endarterectomy is an important tool in the treatment of arterial disease. It can reduce the risk of stroke, improve quality of life, and restore normal blood flow. It is important to speak with your doctor to determine if endarterectomy is the right treatment for you.


American Heart Association. (2020). What Is Endarterectomy For Arterial Disease? Retrieved from https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/vascular-health/what-is-endarterectomy-for-arterial-disease

Friedman, S. (2020). Endarterectomy: What to Expect. Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/endarterectomy-what-to-expect#1

Mayo Clinic. (2020). Endarterectomy. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/endarterectomy/about/pac-20393817

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