FORMAL GROUP

Group dynamics is an important concept in the study of organizational behavior and social psychology. It can be defined as the process by which a group of individuals interact and influence each other to achieve a common goal. Formal groups are a type of group dynamics in which members are assigned specific roles and responsibilities. This article provides an overview of formal groups, including their purpose, structure, and types.

Formal groups are organized for a specific purpose and have a clear structure that outlines roles, responsibilities, and expectations. They are regulated by formal rules and procedures, and are often characterized by a hierarchical structure that assigns authority and responsibility. Formal groups are classified into two main types: task groups and interest groups. Task groups are organized to accomplish a specific task, while interest groups are organized to represent the interests of their members.

Task groups are typically composed of individuals with different skills and expertise, and they are often organized to achieve a specific goal. They are characterized by a shared commitment to complete a task in a timely and efficient manner. Task groups are typically organized around a task leader who provides direction and guidance to the group. The roles and responsibilities of each group member are clearly defined, and progress is monitored by the group leader.

Interest groups, on the other hand, are organized to represent the interests of their members. They are typically composed of members who share a common interest or cause. They are characterized by a shared commitment to promoting the interests of their members. While interest groups are usually self-organized and self-governed, they may be regulated by external organizations.

Formal groups can be beneficial in a variety of contexts. They can provide an efficient and effective way to organize and coordinate activities, and enable members to work together to achieve common objectives. Additionally, formal groups can facilitate communication and help to build trust and cooperation among group members.

In conclusion, formal groups are a type of group dynamics that are organized for a specific purpose and have a clear structure. They are composed of individuals with different skills and expertise, and are typically organized around a task leader. Formal groups can be beneficial in a variety of contexts, as they can facilitate communication and help to build trust and cooperation among group members.

Reference

Cameron, K. S., & Whetten, D. A. (2006). Developing management skills (7th ed.). New York: Prentice Hall.

Kahn, W. A. (2015). Group dynamics: Theory, research, and practice (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

NetMBA. (n.d.). Group dynamics. Retrieved from http://www.netmba.com/mgmt/group/

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