MATE SELECTION

Mate Selection: An Analysis of the Current Literature

Mate selection is an important issue in the study of human behavior and relationships. It involves the decision-making process of selecting a partner for either a short-term or a long-term relationship. This paper will analyze the current literature on mate selection and provide a brief overview of the major factors that are associated with mate selection.

The process of mate selection involves a number of different psychological and social factors. One of the most prominent factors is physical attractiveness. Numerous studies have shown that people generally prefer partners who are physically attractive (Gangestad & Simpson, 2000). Additionally, people tend to prefer partners who are similar to them in terms of physical appearance, interests, and values (Murstein, 1972).

Another major factor in mate selection is personality traits. Studies have indicated that people tend to prefer partners who share similar personality traits (Fisher & Cox, 2005). For example, people tend to be more attracted to those who are socially outgoing, assertive, and confident (McCrae & Costa, 1992). Additionally, people may also find partners who are reliable, honest, and trustworthy to be more attractive (Gangestad & Simpson, 2000).

A third factor in mate selection is the exchange of resources. Studies have found that people tend to prefer partners who are capable of providing them with resources, such as financial security, emotional support, and social status (Buss, 1989). Additionally, people may be more attracted to those who can provide them with the opportunity to have children in the future (Gangestad & Simpson, 2000).

Finally, a fourth factor in mate selection is socio-cultural influences. Studies have indicated that people tend to prefer partners who are from similar social and cultural backgrounds (Buss, 1989). Additionally, people may also be drawn to those who share similar religious beliefs or political ideologies (Fisher & Cox, 2005).

In conclusion, mate selection is a complex process that involves a number of different psychological and social factors. Physical attractiveness, personality traits, resource exchange, and socio-cultural influences are all important factors in the mate selection process. Further research is needed to gain a better understanding of how these factors interact and influence mate selection decisions.

References

Buss, D. M. (1989). Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12(01), 1-14.

Fisher, M., & Cox, C. (2005). The mate preference inventory: Assessing individual differences in mate selection criteria. Journal of Personality, 73(1), 1-31.

Gangestad, S. W., & Simpson, J. A. (2000). The evolution of human mating: Trade-offs and strategic pluralism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23(4), 573-587.

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (1992). The five-factor model: Issues and applications. Journal of Personality, 60(2), 175-215.

Murstein, B. I. (1972). Physical attractiveness and marriage. Journal of Marriage and Family, 34(4), 541-544.

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