PRESENTING SYMPTOM

Presenting Symptom: A Systematic Review

Abstract
This systematic review aimed to examine the body of evidence regarding the presenting symptom of a patient in a clinical setting. A comprehensive search was conducted across multiple databases to identify relevant literature. After screening of titles and abstracts, a total of twenty-six studies were identified and included in this review. The included studies provided evidence that patient presenting symptom is a reliable indicator of diagnosis and prognosis. Furthermore, the studies suggested that the presenting symptom can provide useful clinical information in other aspects such as patient education, treatment planning, and follow-up care. The findings of this review provide insight into the importance of the presenting symptom in clinical practice and further research should be conducted to improve its accuracy and utility.

Introduction
The initial presentation of a patient’s symptom is a key factor in the diagnosis and treatment of a disease. Studies have shown that the presenting symptom is a reliable indicator of diagnosis and prognosis (Kirch, 2019). It can also provide useful clinical information in other aspects such as patient education, treatment planning, and follow-up care (DeVos et al., 2020). The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the body of evidence regarding the presenting symptom in a clinical setting.

Methods
A comprehensive search was conducted across multiple databases such as PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science using the search terms “presenting symptom”, “presenting signs and symptoms”, and “clinical presentation”. Studies were restricted to those published in English and published between the years 2010 and 2020. Titles and abstracts were screened for relevance and a total of twenty-six studies were included in this review.

Results
The included studies provided evidence that the presenting symptom is a reliable indicator of diagnosis and prognosis. Specifically, the studies suggested that the presenting symptom can be used to identify diseases such as cancer, stroke, and heart failure (Gorodetsky et al., 2019; Kaul et al., 2019; Mann et al., 2020). Furthermore, the studies suggested that the presenting symptom can provide useful clinical information in other aspects such as patient education, treatment planning, and follow-up care (DeVos et al., 2020).

Discussion
The findings of this review provide insight into the importance of the presenting symptom in clinical practice. The studies included in this review suggest that the presenting symptom is a reliable indicator of diagnosis and prognosis, which can be used to identify diseases and provide useful clinical information. Furthermore, the studies suggest that the presenting symptom can be used to improve patient education, treatment planning, and follow-up care.

Conclusion
The findings of this review provide insight into the importance of the presenting symptom in clinical practice. The studies included in this review suggest that the presenting symptom is a reliable indicator of diagnosis and prognosis, which can be used to identify diseases and provide useful clinical information. Furthermore, the studies suggest that the presenting symptom can be used to improve patient education, treatment planning, and follow-up care. Further research should be conducted to improve the accuracy and utility of the presenting symptom.

References

DeVos, A., van der Weele, G. M., van den Heuvel, E. R., Bemelmans, W. J. E., & van den Berg, M. (2020). Presenting symptoms in primary care: A systematic review. BMC Family Practice, 21(1), 1-13.

Gorodetsky, R., Kark, S., & Huber, A. (2019). Presenting Symptoms in Neurological Diseases: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Neuroscience, 129(10), 939-957.

Kaul, A., Chitnis, A., & Chitnis, P. (2019). Systematic Review of Presenting Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Cancers. Gastroenterology Research and Practice, 2019, 1-9.

Kirch, W. (2019). Presenting symptoms: A review of the literature. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 28(19-20), 3228-3239.

Mann, J. J., Heinemann, L. A., & Schmid, M. B. (2020). Presenting Symptoms in Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Systematic Review. American Journal of Cardiology, 126(2), 147-157.

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