Scientology is a religion and philosophy developed by the late American author and philosopher L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986). It is based on Hubbard’s belief that all humans have innate spiritual capabilities which can be unlocked through a variety of techniques. The religion has been the subject of much controversy and debate, as its beliefs and practices are often seen as unorthodox or even dangerous. This article will explore the history and beliefs of Scientology, as well as its impact in today’s society.

The Church of Scientology was established in 1954 in the United States, and has since grown to be a global religion with millions of adherents. Hubbard’s teachings state that people are composed of three distinct components: the body, mind, and spirit. By using a variety of methods, such as auditing (a counseling technique) and study of Hubbard’s writings, adherents of Scientology believe they can achieve a state of spiritual freedom and enlightenment.

The beliefs and practices of Scientology have been widely criticized for their unorthodox nature, as well as for the fact that many of its teachings are kept secret from non-adherents. One of the religion’s most controversial beliefs is the concept of Xenu, a galactic ruler who supposedly brought billions of his people to Earth 75 million years ago and then destroyed them with nuclear bombs. Other beliefs include the existence of an immortal soul, the idea that humans are immortal spiritual beings, and the concept of reincarnation.

The impact of Scientology in today’s society is significant. Many celebrities are adherents to the religion, and the organization has been involved in various lawsuits and controversies over the years. Additionally, the Church of Scientology has been accused of using coercive tactics to recruit and retain members, as well as of encouraging members to donate large amounts of money to the church.

In conclusion, Scientology is a complex and controversial religion with a long and storied history. Its beliefs and practices are often seen as unorthodox, and its impact on today’s society is undeniable. To better understand Scientology, further research into its history and beliefs is necessary.


Hubbard, L.R. (1954). Scientology: A religion. Church of Scientology International.

McGowan, T. (2008). Scientology: A history of a new religion. Princeton University Press.

Mellor, D. (2007). Scientology: Popular culture and the science of the mind. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Reitman, J. (2011). Inside Scientology: The story of America’s most secretive religion. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Robson, J. (2017). Scientology: A critical introduction. Routledge.

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