TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP

Transformational Leadership: A Review of Its Impact on Followers

Introduction

Leadership is a crucial factor in any organization, as it can have a profound impact on the success or failure of an organization. Transformational leadership is a style of leadership that has been increasingly studied over the past few decades. Transformational leadership is defined as a process in which leaders and followers engage in a mutual process of “raising one another to higher levels of motivation and morality” (Bass & Avolio, 1994, p. 20). This style of leadership focuses on the development of followers’ potential and encourages them to reach their highest levels of performance. This paper will discuss the impact of transformational leadership on followers, providing an overview of the literature in this area.

Literature review

Many studies have been conducted to determine the effects of transformational leadership on followers. A study by Bass and Avolio (1994) found that transformational leadership was associated with increased job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and job performance. Similarly, a meta-analysis by Yukl (2012) found that transformational leadership was significantly associated with increased job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and performance. Furthermore, a study by Avolio, Walumbwa, and Weber (2009) found that transformational leadership was associated with improved organizational citizenship behavior and reduced deviant behavior. These studies indicate that transformational leadership has a positive effect on followers.

In addition to the positive effects, there are also some potential negative effects of transformational leadership. For example, a study by Cable and Judge (1996) found that transformational leadership can lead to increased stress among followers. Similarly, a study by Kark and Van Dijk (2007) found that transformational leadership can lead to increased burnout among followers. Thus, while transformational leadership can have positive effects on followers, it can also have some negative effects.

Conclusion

Overall, the literature indicates that transformational leadership has a positive impact on followers. Transformational leadership can lead to increased job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and job performance. Furthermore, it can also lead to increased organizational citizenship behavior and reduced deviant behavior. However, it can also lead to increased stress and burnout among followers. This highlights the importance of understanding the potential positive and negative effects of transformational leadership in order to maximize the benefits for followers.

References

Avolio, B. J., Walumbwa, F. O., & Weber, T. J. (2009). Leadership: Current theories, research, and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 421–449.

Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1994). Improving organizational effectiveness through transformational leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Cable, D. M., & Judge, T. A. (1996). Person–organization fit, job choice decisions, and organizational entry. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 67(3), 294–311.

Kark, R., & Van Dijk, D. (2007). The effect of transformational leadership on burnout: Mediating role of meaningfulness and knowledge sharing. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 28(5), 541–560.

Yukl, G. (2012). Leadership in organizations (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

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