Active deception, or the intentional manipulation of data or information to deceive, is a growing concern in today’s world. As technology continues to advance and become more accessible, the potential for active deception increases. In the past, deception was typically passive, in which a person simply withheld information or made false statements. However, with the growth of technology, active deception is becoming increasingly commonplace.

Active deception is defined as the deliberate act of manipulating data or information to deceive or mislead. This can include manipulating digital data, such as images or videos, or manipulating physical objects to create a false impression. It can also involve the use of sophisticated software to create false images or videos, or to alter existing ones. This type of deception is particularly difficult to detect, as it is often done without the knowledge of the target.

Active deception can have a range of effects, depending on the context in which it is used. In the military, active deception is used to confuse enemies and hide troop movements. In the corporate world, it can be used to manipulate markets or to mislead investors. In the political arena, it can be used to sway public opinion or influence political outcomes.

Active deception is a growing concern, as it can be used to manipulate or deceive on a large scale. This can have serious consequences, particularly when it involves taking advantage of vulnerable individuals or groups. For example, active deception can be used to target vulnerable populations or to manipulate elections. As such, it is important to recognize the potential risks associated with active deception and to take steps to prevent its use.


Granat, J. (2017). Active Deception: A Growing Threat. Homeland Security Affairs, 13(2).

Ruzek, S., & Miller, M. (2020). Active Deception: Definitions, Motivations, and Challenges. The International Journal of Intelligence, Security, and Public Affairs, 2(2), 102–119.

Yun, T. (2020). Active Deception: The Growing Risks and Responses. International Security, 44(4), 79–118.

Scroll to Top