Blast Noise: A Comprehensive Overview
Noise pollution is a global issue, and it is no surprise that the source of the noise is a growing concern. With the advent of industrialization, and the ever growing number of construction projects, the sound of blasting has become a common occurrence. Blast noise is a type of noise that is created from the detonation of explosives in construction or mining operations. In this paper, we will provide an overview of blast noise, its sources, and the potential health and environmental effects.
The fundamentals of blast noise are relatively simple. When an explosive is detonated, it creates a shock wave that propagates through the air and causes air molecules to vibrate. This vibration produces sound, which is known as blast noise. The intensity of the noise is determined by the type and amount of explosives used, the distance at which it is detonated, and the environmental factors surrounding the detonation. Blast noise generally has a wide frequency range, and can be quite loud, up to 170 decibels (dB) (Vesilind et al., 2019).
Blast noise is typically generated during construction, demolition, and mining operations. In construction, explosives are used to break up rock and other material in order to make way for new structures. Mining operations often involve blasting in order to access minerals or ore. The use of explosives in these operations can create loud and potentially hazardous noise levels, which can have a serious impact on both human health and the environment.
The effects of blast noise on human health are well documented. Studies have shown that exposure to loud noise levels, such as those created by blasting operations, can lead to hearing loss, increased stress levels, and other health issues (Yamazaki et al., 2020). In addition, the noise created by blasting operations can disturb wildlife, disrupt local ecosystems, and even cause property damage.
In order to mitigate the negative impacts of blast noise, there are several measures that can be taken. The use of sound-absorbing barriers can help to reduce the sound of the blast, while the use of explosives with lower detonation velocities can also help to reduce the noise level. The placement of the blast is also important, as it can help to reduce the impacts on nearby communities and ecosystems.
In conclusion, blast noise has the potential to cause significant harm to both human health and the environment. It is important to be aware of the sources of blast noise and the potential impacts it can have. By following the appropriate safety protocols and implementing noise reducing measures, it is possible to reduce the negative impacts of blast noise.
Vesilind, P., Kupitz, C., & Kupitz, D. (2019). Environmental noise control. John Wiley & Sons.
Yamazaki, Y., Matsui, A., Otsuka, K., Inami, Y., & Inoue, Y. (2020). Exposure to blast noise and risk of hearing loss in miners: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 223(5), 113341.