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BROKEN HOME

n. a family system that is organized into a single-parent household. The setup usually results from a divorce of separation of parents. Currently, the term is hardly ever used by social scientists due to its implication of a family being dysfunctional. BROKEN HOME: “Growing up in a broken home does not necessarily mean that kids …

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BRIGHTNESS DISCRIMINATION

n. the ability to differentiate the level of brightness. Discriminating the degree of brightness, however, depends on the visual acuity of the observer, the wavelength of light, and the sensitivity to light and color as perceived. BRIGHTNESS DISCRIMINATION: “The visual acuity of the observer is one major factor affecting brightness discrimination.”

BREATHY VOICE

n. a type of articulation wherein a weak murmur is audible and especially breathy in words with the h sound. With this phonation, the vocal cords vibrate normally but the glottis closes incompletely, such that air escapes between the cords during vibration. BREATHY VOICE: “A breathy voice is sometimes referred to as a condition of …

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BRAND LOYALTY

n. a tendency among consumers to behave positively towards their favorite brand. It motivates them to consistently buy a particular brand, even if it means competing for the commodity or paying a higher price for it. See brand preference. BRAND LOYALTY: “Brand loyalty is a factor which makes a product perform consistently in the market.”

BRAIN RESERVE CAPACITY

n. the capacity of brain tissue which remains healthy to take over functions of those which are damaged or diseased. Thus, a brain of higher reserve would have a greater threshold before clinical signs of deficit and impairment show. See recovery of function. BRAIN RESERVE CAPACITY: “What is known about brain reserve capacity so far …

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BRAIN CONCUSSION

n. a mild injury inflicted on the brain through jarring or trauma. It temporarily disrupts brain function, resulting in loss of consciousness. It is, however, typically followed by full and spontaneous recovery. Nonetheless, the length of unconsciousness helps determine the severity in injury. BRAIN CONCUSSION: “If we remember right, the classic symptoms of brain concussion …

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BRACHYMORPH

n. a body type with abnormally short, broad features. Typically, it is characterized by short leg bones. Also called brachy-type. See brachymorphic. Also brachyskeletal. BRACHYMORPH: “A brachymorph is wider and shorter in stature compared to the norm.”

BOUNDARY AMBIGUITY

n. a discrepancy observed when the family system is viewed from within by a member and from the outside by an observer. Thus, a member may feel uncertain on how to address questions related to status, role, membership, divorce, and remarriage in a family. See permeable family. BOUNDARY AMBIGUITY: “Due to boundary ambiguity, it sometimes …

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BEHAVIOR CHECKLIST

n. a list of observable and measurable behaviors which are recorded by a learning professional or a clinician. In the classroom, it is a tool which helps teachers monitor how students are progressing towards proper behavior. It also helps them assess learning styles, behavioral difficulties, and special needs among children. BEHAVIOR CHECKLIST: “In constructing a …

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BECK ANXIETY INVENTORY (BAI)

n. a measure of anxiety as individually experienced by patients. As to severity, the anxiety can be measured through a 21-item, multiple-choice-question self-report. Designed for the adult population aged 17 to 80, this measure of mental health differentiates anxiety from depression. First created by U.S. psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck (1921- ). BECK ANXIETY INVENTORY (BAI): …

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