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INTUITIVE TYPE

Intuitive Type: Definition, History, and Further Reading The concept of intuitive type refers to a trait of personality that is often associated with strong creative and imaginative abilities. It is characterized by an openness to new experiences, an inclination towards abstract thinking, and a preference for working alone. Intuitive type is sometimes considered to be …

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INTRAPSYCHIC CONFLICT

Intrapsychic Conflict: Definition, History, and Further Reading Introduction Intrapsychic conflict is a psychological phenomenon, which occurs when conflicting desires within an individual’s psyche are unresolved. This internal struggle can lead to a variety of psychological symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, and even physical symptoms. In this article, we will discuss the definition, history, and recommended …

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INTROMISSION

Introduction Intromission is a reproductive act that involves the introduction of sperm into the female reproductive tract. This is the typical biological means by which sexual reproduction occurs. Intromission is the act of inserting the penis into the female vagina, which is then followed by ejaculation. The sperm then travels through the female reproductive tract, …

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INTRACRANIAL SELF-STIMULATION

Intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) is a technique used in neuroscience research to study the rewarding properties of electrical stimulation of the brain and its effects on behavior. It is based on the finding that animals will actively seek out and self-administer electrical stimulation to certain brain regions when given the opportunity. This research has established ICSS …

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INTERTHALAMIC ADHESION

Interthalamic Adhesion: Definition, History, and References Definition: Interthalamic adhesion (ITA) is a congenital abnormality characterized by the fusion of the thalami in the brain. It is a rare condition, which is estimated to affect about 1 in 10,000 people. The thalami are two small structures located in the center of the brain that help regulate …

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INTERVIEWER EFFECTS

Interviews are a common method of data collection in social science research. However, they are not without potential sources of bias, such as interviewer effects. This article provides an overview of interviewer effects, including a brief history, definition, and overview of the impact of interviewer effects on research results. History of Interviewer Effects The concept …

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INTERRATER AGREEMENT

Interrater Agreement: Definition, History, and Characteristics Interrater agreement, also known as interobserver agreement or intercoder agreement, is a term used to describe the extent to which two or more individuals or groups assess the same situation in the same manner. It is a measure of the degree of agreement among raters in terms of their …

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INTERPERSONAL LEARNING GROUP

Interpersonal Learning Groups: Definition, History, and Characteristics Introduction Interpersonal learning groups (IPLGs) have become increasingly popular in educational settings over the past few decades. IPLGs are defined as structured groups within which learners work together to achieve a specific learning outcome, and which are characterized by a high degree of interaction between learners. A brief …

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INTERNAL VALIDITY

Internal validity is the degree to which the results of an experiment or study accurately reflect the true relationship between the variables being studied. It is an important concept in the field of research methodology and is used to evaluate the quality of data in a study. Definition Internal validity is defined as the degree …

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INTEROCEPTION

Interoception: Definition, History, and Characteristics Interoception is an essential sensory system that allows us to sense and interpret the physiological changes inside our bodies. The term “interoception” was first coined by physiologist Charles Sherrington in 1906 (Craig, 2002). Interoception is the ability to perceive and respond to information from our internal organs and tissues, such …

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