Computerized Assessment: A Comprehensive Review
The use of computerized assessment has grown significantly in recent years, and is increasingly being used as a tool to evaluate the progress and development of students, employees, and individuals for a variety of purposes. This article provides a comprehensive review of the literature on computerized assessment, including its advantages and disadvantages, the types of assessments used, and the implications for practice.
Advantages of Computerized Assessment
Computerized assessment offers a number of advantages over traditional paper-and-pencil assessments. These include greater accuracy, increased standardization, and more efficient data collection and scoring. In addition, computerized assessments are often more engaging for test takers and can provide immediate feedback. Furthermore, computerized assessments can be tailored to individual needs, allowing for greater precision in evaluating performance.
Disadvantages of Computerized Assessment
Despite its many advantages, computerized assessment also has some drawbacks. These include the potential for technological errors, the fact that computerized assessments may not be accessible to all test takers, and the need for specialized training in order to use the technology. In addition, computerized assessment may require a greater level of data security, as well as additional costs associated with the purchase of the necessary hardware and software.
Types of Computerized Assessments
Computerized assessments can be broadly divided into three main types: computer-adaptive tests, computer-based tests, and online assessments. Computer-adaptive tests are tailored to the individual test taker’s performance, and respond to their answers in order to provide the most appropriate questions. Computer-based tests are administered on a computer and are similar to paper-and-pencil tests. Finally, online assessments are administered over the Internet and are often interactive in nature.
Implications for Practice
The use of computerized assessment is becoming increasingly common in educational, employment, and other settings. It is important for practitioners to be aware of the potential advantages and disadvantages of computerized assessment, as well as the types of assessments available. Furthermore, practitioners should be aware of the potential implications of computerized assessment, including the need for data security, additional costs, and specialized training.
Computerized assessment is a useful tool for evaluating the progress and development of students, employees, and individuals. This article provides a comprehensive review of the literature on computerized assessment, including its advantages and disadvantages, the types of assessments used, and the implications for practice.
American Psychological Association. (2020). Computer-Based Testing and Computerized Adaptive Testing. Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/education/ce/testing/computer-based-testing
Bretschneider, M., & DeLuca, C. (2015). Computer-Based Testing: Advantages and Disadvantages. Retrieved from https://www.teachervision.com/assessment/computer-based-testing-advantages-disadvantages
Kumar, A., & Misra, K. (2017). Computer-Based Testing: A Systematic Review of Studies. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, 7(7), 337-344. doi:10.13045/ijarcsse.2017.07073
McConaghy, S. (2014). Pros and Cons of Online Assessments. Retrieved from https://www.teachervision.com/assessment/pros-and-cons-online-assessments
Shah, S. (2020). Advantages and Disadvantages of Computerized Assessment. Retrieved from https://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-computerized-assessment.htm