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CRYPTORCHIDISM

noun. The state of a man whose testicles haven’t lowered into the scrotum. It’s not uncommon and doesn’t hinder the normal hormonal operations that occur in men, but spermatogenesis isn’t probably if the person isn’t treated in the years of their youth. Failure to treat is also correlated with escalated occurrences of cancer in the …

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CRUCIAL EXPERIMENT

a trial and error procedure built in a way that the outcome will conclude which of the two converse theories has postulated the accurate prediction. CRUCIAL EXPERIMENT: “Crucial experiments are the simplest by nature and generally the first introduced in elementary or junior high science classes.”

CAUSATION

n. an empirical relationship which exists between two events which can be summed up as one event (the cause) bringing about the occurrence of the other (the effect). In Aristotelian philosophy, refers to the rationale that the existence of the cause is sufficient basis for the existence of the effect. See causality. CAUSATION: “Causation states …

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CAUDA EQUINA

n. a bundle of spinal nerve roots and nerves resembling the appearance of a horse’s tail. It consists of the second to the fifth lumbar nerves, which together innervate the area of the lumbar plexus. CAUDA EQUINA: “Any compression or injury to the tail end of the spinal cord could cause a severe neurological disorder …

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CATEGORIZATION

n. the process of grouping or classifying people, objects, events, and experiences. Usually, these are grouped according to classes based on (1) common characteristics which members share in a class and (2) distinct features which distinguish these members from those of other classes. See prototype theory. Also family resemblance hypothesis. CATEGORIZATION: “The biological classification of …

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CATATONIC STUPOR

n. one extreme end of the catatonic state (catatonia). It is characterized by a marked decrease in response to stimuli and spontaneous movement. As such, the patient remains motionless and rigid. The posture itself appears to be statuesque, and the facial expression described as bizarre. CATATONIC STUPOR: “A patient with catatonic schizophrenia could occasionally go …

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CATALYTIC VARIABLE

n. a variable whose presence would facilitate a process socially or biologically. In terms of biology for instance, the variable of heat (or increased temperature) tends to speed up a biochemical or metabolic reaction. CATALYTIC VARIABLE: “Other than a catalyst, a catalytic variable could also help facilitate the entire process, usually of change.”

CASEWORK

n. the sum of all the supervisory tasks performed by a social worker – in this case, a caseworker. The job is to oversee that counseling is being done, therapy sessions are being attended, and services are being delivered. It is also to monitor families and children as to housing, health, education, and support. Also …

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CARTESIANISM

n. a philosophical way of thinking founded on three tenets, namely: (1) that all knowledge unites as one, (2) that knowledge means mastery of the world, and (3) that all knowledge builds up from primary, intuitive principles. Proposed by French philosopher and mathematician Ren CARTESIANISM: “Cartesianism views the world from three areas of existence, meaning …

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CARGO CULT

n. a religious practice observed in island-based tribal societies, following the wave of advanced cultures and the flow of material goods (cargo) which invaded the South Pacific beginning in the 19th century. It is based on the na CARGO CULT: “Wave after wave of material goods arriving by air and by sea must have given …

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