The disintegration of personality is a disorder that has been studied by psychologists since the early 1900s. It is characterized by a fragmentation or breakdown of an individual’s personality, resulting in a lack of identity and loss of identity boundaries. Individuals with this disorder may experience a range of symptoms such as dissociative states, identity confusion, and emotional instability. Despite the fact that this disorder has been studied for over a century, the exact cause and pathophysiology remain elusive. This paper will discuss the history, current theories, and treatment options for individuals with disintegration of personality.
The disintegration of personality has been studied since the early 1900s. One of the earliest mentions of the disorder is found in Eugen Bleuler’s 1911 book, Dementia Praecox. In this book, Bleuler described the disorder as a “splitting of the personality” in which the individual experiences a “loss of the unity of the personality” (Bleuler, 1911). The term was later used by Sigmund Freud in his book, The Ego and the Id, when he described a “dissolution of the personality” (Freud, 1923). The term was also used by the French psychiatrist, Pierre Janet, who referred to the disorder as “dissociation of the personality” (Janet, 1925).
Currently, there are several theories regarding the cause of disintegration of personality. One theory is that the disorder is caused by trauma, such as physical or sexual abuse. According to this theory, the trauma causes the individual to dissociate from their identity in order to cope with the painful memories. Another theory is that the disorder is caused by an underlying psychiatric disorder, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or depression. This theory suggests that the underlying disorder causes the individual to experience a breakdown of their identity. Finally, some researchers believe that the disorder is caused by a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors.
Currently, there are several treatment options for individuals with disintegration of personality. Treatment typically includes psychotherapy, medication, and lifestyle changes. Psychotherapy can help the individual to explore their identity, develop coping skills, and manage their symptoms. Medication can help to reduce symptoms of the underlying disorder, such as depression or anxiety. Finally, lifestyle changes can help the individual to create a more stable, supportive environment.
In conclusion, the disintegration of personality is a disorder that has been studied for over a century. The exact cause and pathophysiology remain elusive, but current theories suggest that the disorder is caused by trauma, an underlying psychiatric disorder, or a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors. Treatment typically includes psychotherapy, medication, and lifestyle changes.
Bleuler, E. (1911). Dementia praecox. Leipzig: Franz Deuticke.
Freud, S. (1923). The ego and the id. Hogarth Press.
Janet, P. (1925). Dissociation of the personality. London: Allen & Unwin.