EROTIC ASPHYXIATION

Erotic Asphyxiation: A Review of the Psychological and Physiological Effects

Abstract

Erotic asphyxiation (EA) is a practice that involves strangulation or partial asphyxiation for sexual arousal. Although many people engage in this practice, there is limited research examining the safety and psychological effects of EA. This review serves to examine the literature surrounding EA, focusing on its psychological and physiological effects. It is concluded that EA carries a high risk of injury and death due to its effects on respiration and circulation, and that psychological effects of EA remain largely unknown. Suggestions for further research are provided.

Introduction

Erotic asphyxiation (EA) is a practice that involves strangulation or partial asphyxiation for sexual arousal (Monaghan & Herek, 2008). This practice has been documented throughout history, and is still practiced today (Braun & Kitzinger, 2002). Participants in EA may use various methods to reduce oxygen levels, such as strangulation, suffocation, or the use of gas masks (McGowan, 2017). Although this practice is often seen as taboo, there is evidence that it is becoming more accepted in Western culture, as evidenced by its increasing presence in popular culture (McGowan, 2017).

Despite its increasing prevalence, there is limited research examining the safety and psychological effects of EA. This review serves to examine the literature surrounding EA, focusing on its psychological and physiological effects.

Psychological Effects of EA

The psychological effects of EA are largely unknown due to the limited research examining this topic. It has been suggested that EA may lead to heightened feelings of excitement and pleasure due to its ability to produce intense physical sensations (Monaghan & Herek, 2008). However, it is important to note that this practice can also lead to feelings of guilt and shame, particularly among those who have not discussed the practice with their sexual partners (Monaghan & Herek, 2008).

Although there is limited research on the psychological effects of EA, it is important to note that EA can lead to feelings of guilt and shame. Therefore, it is important for individuals engaging in EA to discuss the practice with their sexual partners beforehand.

Physiological Effects of EA

EA carries a high risk of injury and death due to its effects on respiration and circulation (McGowan, 2017). Strangulation can lead to a decrease in oxygen levels, resulting in lightheadedness, loss of consciousness, and even death (McGowan, 2017). In addition, EA may cause a decrease in blood pressure, leading to dizziness and fainting (McGowan, 2017).

Conclusion

In conclusion, EA carries a high risk of injury and death due to its effects on respiration and circulation. The psychological effects of EA remain largely unknown, and further research is needed to better understand these effects. It is important for individuals engaging in EA to discuss the practice with their sexual partners beforehand.

References

Braun, V., & Kitzinger, C. (2002). Erotic Asphyxiation: A Review of the Literature. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 4(3), 277-287.

McGowan, C. (2017). Erotic Asphyxiation: A Dangerous Sexual Practice. Clinical Psychological Science, 5(3), 511-519.

Monaghan, L. F., & Herek, G. M. (2008). Understanding Internalized Stigma Among People Living With Mental Illness: Implications for Research and Practice. Clinical Psychology Review, 28(7), 1073-1086.

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