ETHANOL

Ethanol (C2H5OH): A Comprehensive Review

Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol, is a colorless, volatile liquid with a strong odor and a burning taste. It is the most commonly used alcohol in the world and is found in numerous products, from alcoholic beverages to fuel. In this article, we will explore the properties and potential uses of ethanol.

Physical Properties

Ethanol is a colorless, volatile liquid with a molecular weight of 46.07 g/mol and a density of 0.789 g/mL at 25°C (Gill, 2019). Its boiling point is 78.37°C and its melting point is -114°C (Gill, 2019). It is miscible with water, and its flash point is 11°C (Gill, 2019).

Chemical Properties

Ethanol is a primary alcohol, meaning it contains a –OH group bound to a single carbon atom (Kumari et al., 2020). It is highly flammable and can react with many compounds including acids, bases, and oxidizing agents (Kumari et al., 2020). It can also form esters and ethers (Kumari et al., 2020).

Potential Uses

Ethanol is widely used in the production of alcoholic beverages, as a solvent, and as a fuel for vehicles (Gill, 2019). It is also used in the production of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and perfumes (Gill, 2019). In addition, it is used as a preservative, antiseptic, and disinfectant (Gill, 2019).

Conclusion

In conclusion, ethanol is a colorless, volatile liquid with numerous potential uses. It is used in the production of alcoholic beverages, as a solvent, and as a fuel for vehicles. Additionally, it is used in the production of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and perfumes, and as a preservative, antiseptic, and disinfectant.

References

Gill, S. (2019). Ethanol. Retrieved from https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Ethanol

Kumari, S., Gupta, V., Pal, R., & Sharma, R. (2020). Chemistry of ethanol. Research & Reviews: Journal of Chemistry, 5(1), 7-12. doi:10.9734/RRJC/2020/v5i130102

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