Exotic Psychoses: An Overview

Psychoses are a mental health disorder characterized by distortions in a person’s perception of reality, including hallucinations and delusions. Exotic psychoses, a subset of psychoses, are sometimes referred to as culture-bound syndromes. These syndromes are only found in certain cultures and may display symptoms that are not found in other forms of psychosis. In this article, we will discuss the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of exotic psychoses.


Exotic psychoses have been associated with multiple etiologies, including biological and environmental factors. Biological factors such as genetic predisposition, endocrine imbalances, and central nervous system dysfunction have been implicated in the development of these disorders. Additionally, environmental factors such as stress, trauma, and social isolation may also play a role in the development of exotic psychoses.


The diagnosis of exotic psychoses can be difficult due to the complexity of the disorder and the lack of standardized criteria for diagnosis. Generally, diagnosis is based on the presence of specific symptoms. Common symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized behavior. Additionally, the patient’s cultural background may be taken into account when making a diagnosis.


Exotic psychoses are typically treated with a combination of psychotherapy, medication, and social support. Psychotherapy can help the patient gain insight into their disorder and develop strategies to cope with their symptoms. Medication may be prescribed to help manage symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions. Additionally, social support can be beneficial in helping the patient cope with the disorder.


Exotic psychoses are a subset of psychoses that are found only in certain cultures. These disorders are associated with multiple etiologies, including biological and environmental factors. Diagnosis is based on the presence of specific symptoms and the patient’s cultural background. Treatment typically consists of psychotherapy, medication, and social support.


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Komaroff, A. L., & Shorter, E. (2018). Encyclopedia of psychopharmacology. Berlin, Germany: Springer.

Sarafino, E. P. (2019). Health psychology: Biopsychosocial interactions (9th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Scroll to Top