Fallopius, the Italian anatomist and physician Girolamo Fallopio (1523-1562), is known for his contributions to the understanding of human anatomy. He was the first to describe the Fallopian tubes, which are named after him. Fallopio was also the first to understand the role of the ovaries in reproduction and to describe the anatomy of the auditory meatus.

Fallopio studied anatomy at the University of Pisa, where he was a student of Andrea Vesalius. After graduating, he was appointed professor of anatomy at the University of Padua in 1548. At the university, he built a theatre for anatomical dissections and performed many dissections himself. During this time, he wrote a treatise on anatomy, De humani corporis fabrica (On the Structure of the Human Body), which was published in 1559. The treatise contained many of his own discoveries, including the Fallopian tubes, the auditory meatus, and the structure of the ovaries.

Fallopio was also a skilled surgeon and was the first to describe the surgical technique of ligating the Fallopian tubes. He was a pioneer in the study of syphilis, recognizing it as a distinct disease and describing its symptoms in detail. He also wrote extensively on other medical topics, such as the treatment of wounds and the use of opium as an analgesic.

Fallopio’s contributions to medicine have been recognized for centuries. He is remembered for his discoveries and for his innovative approach to anatomy and medicine.


Bianchi, P. (2008). Girolamo Fallopio. In B. D. Coppens, & J. B. DeCecco (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Men and Women in the World’s Cultures (Vol. 2, pp. 637-638). New York, NY: Springer.

Fara, P. (2016). Girolamo Fallopio. In Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Gillispie, C. C. (1966). Girolamo Fallopio. In Dictionary of Scientific Biography (Vol. 3, pp. 352-355). New York, NY: Charles Scribner’s Sons.

Holland, J. (2005). The Fallopian Tubes. In K. M. Taylor, & T. B. Jones (Eds.), Human Reproductive Biology (3rd ed., pp. 7-14). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

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