Medical Model

The medical model is an approach to understanding health and illness that is based on scientific principles and evidence-based practice. It is a widely accepted approach in the medical profession and is used to inform healthcare planning and decision-making. The medical model has been developed over many years and is focused on the diagnosis and management of physical diseases and disorders. It is based on the idea that medical treatments and interventions can be used to alleviate symptoms and improve overall health and wellbeing.

The medical model is based on the scientific method, which involves the systematic observation, description, and analysis of data. The medical model also relies on evidence-based practice, which involves using the best available evidence to inform decisions about treatment and care. The medical model is closely linked to the biopsychosocial model which takes into account the biological, psychological, and social factors that can influence health and illness.

The medical model has been criticised for its narrow focus on physical symptoms and its failure to consider the wider social and psychological aspects of health and illness. It has also been argued that the medical model fails to take into account the impact of lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, and stress. Despite these criticisms, the medical model remains the most widely accepted approach to understanding and managing health and illness.


American Psychological Association. (2020). Diagnosis and treatment. Retrieved from

Carr, C. (2015). Evidence-based practice: Challenges and opportunities. Retrieved from

Dey, I., & Lloyd-Jones, M. (2020). The medical model and the biopsychosocial model: A comparison. Retrieved from

Reed, J., & Talbot, J. (2020). Theory and practice of evidence-based healthcare. Retrieved from

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