Noise Effects: A Review

Noise is an unwanted sound that can be detrimental to the physical, mental, and emotional health of humans and animals alike. It can have varying effects on different individuals, ranging from annoyance and distraction to more serious physical and psychological effects, including hearing impairment, hypertension, headaches, and sleep disturbances. In this review, we discuss the various noise effects on both humans and animals, provide an overview of the current evidence, and offer potential avenues for future research.

Noise can cause physical effects. Exposure to loud noise can cause permanent hearing loss and even tinnitus. It can also lead to hypertension and other cardiovascular issues, such as an increased risk of stroke and heart disease. In addition, noise can cause headaches, fatigue, and irritability in some people.

Noise can also have psychological effects. It can lead to anxiety, depression, and stress, as well as difficulty with concentration. In some cases, it can even lead to post-traumatic stress disorder. Furthermore, noise can interfere with sleep, resulting in fatigue and difficulty focusing during the day.

Noise can also have effects on animals. Studies have shown that noise can cause behavioral changes, including increased aggression and decreased social interaction. It can also lead to changes in feeding behavior and reproductive behavior. In addition, noise can affect the physical health of animals, such as an increased risk of developing certain diseases.

Overall, noise can have a variety of detrimental effects on both humans and animals. While more research is needed to understand the potential effects of noise, it is clear that it should be controlled to ensure a healthy environment.


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