The objective of this article is to discuss the concept of objective in the context of scientific research. The article will discuss what an objective is and why it is important to have a clear objective when conducting research. Additionally, the article will provide examples of objectives from various types of research. Finally, the article will provide an overview of the American Psychological Association’s (APA) seventh edition publication manual’s guidelines for objectives.

What is an Objective?

An objective is a statement of purpose or intent for a research project. It is a concise and clear statement that informs the reader of the research topic and the questions that will be answered in the study. Objectives are typically found in the introduction of a research paper and provide a roadmap for the reader to follow. Objectives can also be used to help guide the research process and ensure that the research stays on track.

Why is it Important to Have a Clear Objective?

Having a clear objective is important for a few reasons. First, it helps to keep the research on track and focused. If the objective is too broad, it can often lead to research that is unfocused and not very useful. Additionally, it helps to ensure that the research is conducted ethically. A clear objective helps to ensure that the research is conducted in a way that respects the rights of participants and the ethical considerations of the research. Finally, it helps to ensure that the results of the research are meaningful and can be applied to the real world.

Examples of Objectives

Objectives can vary widely depending on the type of research being conducted. For example, a study aiming to evaluate the effectiveness of a new drug would have an objective to “determine the safety and efficacy of the drug in treating a specific medical condition.” On the other hand, a study examining the impact of a new educational program would have an objective to “determine if the program is able to improve student performance.”

APA Seventh Edition Publication Manual Guidelines for Objectives

The APA seventh edition publication manual provides guidelines for writing objectives. It states that objectives should be “clearly stated and should indicate the variables to be studied and the methods to be used.” Additionally, it states that the objectives should be “directly related to the research questions.” Objectives should also be “measurable” and “actionable.”


In conclusion, it is clear that having a clear objective is essential when conducting research. Objectives provide a roadmap for the research and help to ensure that the research is conducted ethically and produces meaningful results. Additionally, the APA seventh edition publication manual provides guidelines for writing objectives.


American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000

Preston, C. (2018). What is a research objective? Examples and tips. Retrieved from https://www.scribbr.com/dissertation/research-objective/

Yin, R. K. (2018). Case study research and applications: Design and methods (6th ed.). https://doi.org/10.4135/9781506361136

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