Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by an abnormal rotation of the vertebrae, resulting in a sideways curvature of the spine. In cases of severe scoliosis, the spine can become severely twisted and distorted, leading to pain, discomfort, and physical deformities. Although scoliosis can affect people of any age, it is most commonly seen in adolescents and young adults.

The exact cause of scoliosis is unknown, however, researchers have identified several risk factors associated with the condition. These include genetic predisposition, history of neuromuscular disorders, and certain medical conditions. Some environmental factors, such as poor posture, have also been linked to an increased risk of scoliosis.

The diagnosis of scoliosis is based on a physical examination of the spine, as well as imaging tests such as an x-ray or MRI. Treatment of scoliosis typically involves a combination of bracing and physical therapy. In cases of severe scoliosis, surgery may be recommended to correct the curvature.

Research into scoliosis has led to a better understanding of the condition, as well as improved treatments. Although there is still much to learn about scoliosis, current treatments are effective in managing the condition and helping patients maintain a healthy lifestyle.


Fam, A., Clements, J. H., & Steele, K. M. (2013). Scoliosis: An update on diagnosis and management. American Family Physician, 88(2), 111-118.

Kan, J., & Hresko, T. (2008). Scoliosis and its management. Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 20(3), 281-287.

Staheli, L. T., & Corbett, M. (2009). Management of scoliosis. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 29(3), 263-269.

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