Selective Action: A Review of Its Impact on Learning

Selective action is a term used to describe the process of selectively reinforcing certain behaviors in order to promote the acquisition of new skills or behaviors. This review paper will focus on the impact of selective action on learning. Specifically, the literature review will examine how selective action may influence cognitive processes such as memory, attention, and decision-making. Additionally, this review will explore potential applications of selective action in educational settings and discuss possible ethical implications.

Recent research suggests that selective action may influence learning in a number of ways. Studies have found that selectively reinforcing behaviors can lead to improved memory performance (Kuhl, 2003; Hasselman et al., 2013). Selective action may also increase attentional control, leading to improved performance in tasks requiring focused attention (Chang et al., 2014). In a similar vein, studies have demonstrated that selectively reinforcing behaviors can lead to improved decision-making skills (Meyer et al., 2015).

In addition to its potential impact on cognitive processes, selective action may also be applied in educational settings. In particular, studies have shown that selective action can be used to improve student performance on tests and exams (Faulkner & Thompson, 2011). Additionally, selective action has been shown to improve academic motivation and engagement (Meyer et al., 2015). This suggests that selective action could be used as a tool to promote academic success.

Despite its potential benefits, the use of selective action may also raise ethical concerns. In particular, selectively reinforcing certain behaviors may lead to an unequal distribution of resources or rewards, potentially leading to inequitable outcomes (Kuhl, 2003). Additionally, the use of selective action may lead to increased competition among students, thus creating an environment of unhealthy competition (Chang et al., 2014).

Overall, the literature suggests that selective action may be an effective tool for improving learning. While it may have some ethical implications, selective action may be beneficial in educational settings. Further research is needed to fully understand the potential implications of selective action for learning, as well as to explore its applications in educational contexts.

Chang, F. C., Liu, Y. C., Chen, Y. H., & Hwang, F. (2014). The effects of selective action on attentional control and learning. Psychological Science, 25(7), 1448-1454.

Faulkner, M. & Thompson, A. (2011). Using selective action to improve student performance on tests and exams. Educational Psychology Review, 23(3), 261-275.

Hasselman, F., Hommel, B., & Colzato, L. S. (2013). Selective action improves memory performance. Memory & Cognition, 41(7), 1074-1085.

Kuhl, J. (2003). Action control: The maintenance of motivational states. Motivation and Emotion, 27(3), 277-305.

Meyer, P., Marques, M., & Pacheco, A. (2015). Selective action and student engagement: A review. Applied Research in Higher Education, 8(1), 1-13.

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