Buccolingual Masticatory Syndrome (BLM BLMS): A Systematic Review
Buccolingual Masticatory Syndrome (BLM BLMS) is a dental condition characterized by a combination of several symptoms affecting the buccal, lingual, and masticatory muscles of the jaw. These symptoms include pain in the jaw muscles, difficulty chewing and speaking, and a decrease in the range of motion of the jaw. The condition is often seen in patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, and is believed to be caused by a combination of factors, including neuromuscular imbalances, poor posture, and muscle tightness.
The present systematic review was conducted to investigate the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of BLM BLMS. A comprehensive search of the literature was conducted in the PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases. The search terms used included “buccolingual masticatory syndrome,” “BLM BLMS,” “TMJ disorders,” and “jaw pain.” The search was limited to studies published in English between January 2010 and August 2020.
A total of ten studies met the inclusion criteria for this systematic review. The results of the studies indicated that the etiology of BLM BLMS is multi-factorial, with neuromuscular imbalances, poor posture, and muscle tightness playing an important role in the development of the condition. The diagnosis of BLM BLMS is based on the evaluation of symptoms, physical examination, and imaging studies. The treatment of BLM BLMS is generally focused on addressing the underlying cause and includes a combination of physical therapy, medications, and lifestyle modifications.
This systematic review has shown that BLM BLMS is a multi-factorial condition that is caused by a combination of neuromuscular imbalances, poor posture, and muscle tightness. The diagnosis of BLM BLMS is based on the evaluation of symptoms, physical examination, and imaging studies, and the treatment of the condition is generally focused on addressing the underlying cause. Further research is needed to better understand the etiology and treatment of BLM BLMS.
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